Fleas are a type of wingless parasites. They feed off the blood of humans and animals such as dogs and cats. Since fleas use a wide range of hosts, diseases can be transferred from one host to another. Fleas are known to transmit tapeworm larvae and, uncommonly, the disease murine typhus.
Fleas are light brown to mahogany in colour and roughly oval shaped. Their laterally flattened appearance enables them to quickly move through the host’s hair. Measuring 2-8 mm in length, the adults are entirely covered with a series of bristles and combs that assists them in clinging to the host.
There are three main species of flea that infest humans:
- Cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis)
- Dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis)
- Human flea (Pulex irritans).
A flea bite is intensely itchy and secondary infections caused by scratching are common.
The first step to successfully treating fleas is to have an expert identify that it is a flea and not a mite of some type and inspect the affected area. Our experts will make hygiene recommendations to help you avoid their return and treat all areas necessary, internally and externally. It is also important to understand the egg cycle of a flea as a possible follow up treatment will be needed to capture them.